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Finding the money for low-carbon mobility

Finding the money for low-carbon mobility

Although resource-constrained developing cities are grappling with multiple and urgent unmet needs such housing, water, healthcare and education, there is little question of the importance and value of providing public transport.

In many sub-Saharan cities, the urban density is substantially lower than those of European, Latin American or Asian cities, which typically results in overall low passenger demand, but with tidal surges at peak times. Given such demand patterns, it is not easy for public transport operations to be self-funding. Coupled with what is usually decades of under-investment in public transport, it is unlikely that services in these urban environments will be able to operate without subsidies.

This brief provides a broad  overview of some of the ways in which public transport planning and infrastructure have been funded and financed in various countries. It then notes that subsequent operational shortfalls are inevitable, and considers (1) ways in which these shortfalls could be met, and (2) alternatives to implementing the costly comprehensive, corridor-based approach to public transportation that is the most commonly proposed intervention in sub-Saharan Africa.

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Financially sustainable public transport

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