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A practical guide to managing invasive alien plants
A concise handbook for land users in the Cape Floral Region
The supporting documentation and additional information in these appendices are in PDF format, but the templates can be converted to MS Word using free PDF to Word conversion programs available on the internet.
Appendix 1: Legislation guideline for invasive alien species
A detailed guideline on the legislation relevant to landowners with invasive alien species on their land.
Download Appendix 1
Planning IAP management operations
Appendix 2: Guidelines for the preparation of an IAP control plan
Guidelines for drawing up an IAP control plan for a farm, giving basic pointers on drawing up a plan, completing a field verification and determining working days for costing. A field verification work sheet (see also Appendix 3) and guidelines for clearing times (see also Appendix 4) are also included.
Download Appendix 2
Appendix 3: Work sheet for field verification
A blank work sheet to fill in the species, age and density classes of IAPs and then calculate person days. The work sheet can be converted to MS Word using free PDF to Word conversion programs available on the internet. The work sheet is also available from the Department or Environment, Forestry and Fisheries Natural Resource Management (NRM) offices.
Download Appendix 3
Appendix 4: Guidelines for clearing time (person day/ha norms)
The “norms” for person days required for different IAP types, ages and density classes. It is also available from Department of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries Natural Resource Management (NRM) offices.
Download Appendix 4
Appendix 5: Template for a farm-level alien control plan
A template to record listed alien species, distribution, objectives and actions, monitoring actions, planning and budget and a clearing schedule. It also provides a herbicide control sheet and useful checklists for landowners. The template can be converted to MS Word using free PDF to Word conversion programs available on the internet.
Download Appendix 5
Appendix 6: Basic mapping skills
Some basics of map reading and mapping aids necessary to understand maps.
Download Appendix 6
Appendix 7: Fire protection associations in the Western Cape
Information about Fire Protection Associations are specific to the reader’s location and can be found online. An example for the Western Cape is included here.
Download Appendix 7
Appendix 8: CapeNature's fact file: A landownder's guide to planning alien control
This two-page information sheet giving brief information on prioritisation, budget, clearing methods and common invasive alien species, in English and Afrikaans, is also available on CapeNature’s website at www.capenature.co.za.
Download Appendix 8
Appendix 9: National geospatial information
Topographical maps and aerial photos are available from the NGI at www.ngi.gov.za.
Appendix 10: CapeNature's fact sheet: What a landowner needs to know about fire management
A two-page information sheet on fire management for landowners, including principles of burning (frequency, intensity, season) and dos and don’ts.
Available in English at https://www.capenature.co.za/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Landowners-Guide-to-Fire-Management-Fact-Sheet-English.pdf
Available in Afrikaans at https://www.capenature.co.za/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Landowners-Guide-to-Fire-Management-Fact-Sheet-Afrikaans.pdf.
IAP management methods
Appendix 11: Choice of nozzles for invader plant control
An introduction to the types of nozzles available and their uses. This information can be sourced from your herbicide provider.
Appendix 12: Example of a herbicide mixing rate table
Most herbicide manufacturers supply a table of quantities for mixing common herbicides online. Additional information can be found on CropLife’s website: https://croplife.co.za.
Appendix 13: AVCASA’S storing agrochemicals and stock remedies
Guidance on the proper storage of chemicals to prevent the risk of agrochemicals being used to poison livestock, people and even to destroy crops is available at www.nda.agric.za/docs/peststore/storing.htm.
Appendix 14: CropLife international's responsible use manuel
Comprehensive course material on the concepts and principles of the responsible use of pesticides is available at https://croplife.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/Responsible-Use-Manual.pdf.
Appendix 15: CropLife's resources on container management
A set of resources on proper disposal of used herbicide containers is available at https://croplife.co.za/container-management.
Rehabilitation and restoration
Appendix 16: WWF: A practical guide for community-run nurseries
Wilman, V. 2019. A Practical Guide for Community-run Nurseries: Growing Indigenous Plants for Restoration. WWF South Africa, Cape Town, South Africa. This practical guide is available at https://www.wwf.org.za/our_research/publications/?29601/a-practical-guide-for-community-run-nurseries.
Appendix 17: WWF: Restoration of alien-invaded riparian systems
Fourie, S. and Wilman, V. n.d. Restoration of alien-invaded riparian systems. Report ISBN 978-2-940443-06-2, WWF, Cape Town, South Africa.
Download Appendix 17
Appendix 18: Alien weeds and invasive plants
Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. 12. Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa.
A complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa, including another 36 species invasive in that region, compiled by the Agricultural Research Council.
Download Appendix 18
Step 1: Identify species with book or website
Step 2: Map and estimate density
Step 3: Calculate workload (persondays) and treatment methods
Step 4: Calculate wages, tools & equipment, PPE and transport costs
Step 5: Calculate herbicide rates and prices
Appendix 19: A guide to the biocontrol of alien invasive hakea species
A.R. Wood, A Fourie, R.M. Krug and A.J. Gordon. A guide to the biological control of alien invasive hakea species. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. 22. Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa.
The guide details the how, where and when to implement biological control against the hakea species.
Download appendix 19: Afrikaans
Download appendix 19: English
Appendix 20: Invasive alien plants in South Africa
Henderson, L. 2020. Invasive Alien Plants in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. 21. Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa.
A complete guide to restricted invasive alien plants in South Africa, including another 40 taxa invasive in that region (Lesley Henderson’s comprehensive revision of her seminal “Alien Weeds and Invasive Plants”, published in 2001).