In addition to this, some fisheries are wasteful, resulting in a quarter of marine resources caught being discarded, including vulnerable and endangered species such as sea birds, turtles and sharks (read more). Some fishing methods also cause damage to habitats critical to the survival of many marine species.
And with the poor state of the world’s wild-capture stocks, fish farming (or aquaculture), is seen by many as the answer to overfishing, but this also has its associated impacts and consequences that cannot be ignored.
While the outlook for our threatened marine ecosystems may appear disheartening in the face of unsustainable fishing practices, there are ways of helping to reverse these negative effects. To address the problem of overfishing, we need an Ecosystems Approach to Fisheries (EAF) management. The Responsible Fisheries Programme (RFA), along with its sister programme SASSI, aims to create a climate for the successful implementation of an EAF in southern Africa, throughout the entire seafood supply chain. The RFA is an alliance between large fishing companies and the WWF-SA.
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